Do you have health risk factors for type 2 diabetes?
The incidence of type 2 diabetes has doubled in the past three decades, according to the Framingham Heart Study. Although some of the causes of type 2 diabetes is unknown, there are some well-known major risk factors. These health risk factors, you can increase your chances of this increasingly common type of diabetes.
It is estimated 70 to 80 million Americans have insulin resistance syndrome – a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Once you learn more about insulin resistance, you can reduce some of the recommended lifestyle changes that will help you to initiate your chances of this serious problem.
A person who can with some or all of the following listed health risk factors never develop type 2 diabetes. , The latest medical findings show, however, that the chances increase type 2 diabetes, the more health risk factors you have:
- A family history of diabetes. If a parent or sibling in the family has diabetes, increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Aged over 45, the chance of type 2 diabetes increases with age.
- Racial or ethnic background. The risk for type 2 diabetes is greater in Hispanics, African Americans, American Indians and Asians.
- Metabolic syndrome (also called insulin resistance syndrome).
- Overweight. If you are overweight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) greater than 25, you are at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes. In addition, fat is a risk factor around the waist as opposed to fat in the buttocks and legs.
- Hypertension. High blood pressure increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Abnormal lipid values. HDL (“good”) cholesterol below 35 mg / dl (milligrams per deciliter) and / or a triglyceride level above 250 mg / dl increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.
- History of gestational diabetes. Getting diabetes during pregnancy or birth of a child over 9 pounds can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Impaired glucose tolerance (see glucose tolerance test).
Other health risk factors for type 2 diabetes are:
- A history of polycystic ovary disease (PCOS).
- History of vascular disease (such as stroke).